or have taken courses in research ethics may be wondering why you are required to have education in research ethics. However, even the best plans can result in disputes, which often occur because people look at the same situation differently. Authors should also state whether experiments were performed in accordance with relevant institutional and national guidelines and regulations. Another example where there may be some ignorance or mistaken traditions is conflicts of interest in research. Ethical Decision Making in Research Although codes, policies, and principals are very important and useful, like any set of rules, they do not cover every situation, they often conflict, and they require considerable interpretation. (New York: proper research paper introduction Oxford University Press).
The following is a rough and general summary of some ethical principals that various codes address Honesty Strive for honesty in all scientific communications. Ethical norms are so ubiquitous that one might be tempted to regard them as simple commonsense. Promoting Ethical Conduct in Science Most academic institutions in the US require undergraduate, graduate, or postgraduate students to have some education in the responsible conduct of research (RCR).
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"Part of it is not having foresight up front of how a project or research study is going to unfold.". For example, consider the following case, Case 1: The research protocol for a study of a drug on hypertension requires the administration of the drug at different doses to 50 laboratory mice, with chemical and behavioral tests to determine toxic effects. For example, many ethical norms in research, such as guidelines for authorship, copyright and patenting policies, data sharing policies, and confidentiality rules in peer review, are designed to protect intellectual property interests while encouraging collaboration. This can be quite a dilemma in some experiments. For example, the US Food and Drug Administration Amendments Act of 2007 does not require registration for Phase 1 studies. Are there any people who can offer ethical advice? This is the most common way of defining "ethics norms for conduct that distinguish between acceptable and unacceptable behavior. T's error is not misconduct nor is his decision to take no action to correct the error. Adapted from Shamoo A and Resnik. It is too early to tell. Although most people acquire their sense of right and wrong during childhood, moral development occurs throughout life and human beings pass through different stages of growth as they mature.